Cooperation Mode

  • BOD即设计-建造模式_恒明星

         BOD is Design and Build, and is also known internationally as Turn-Key-Operate. In China, it is called Design-Construction. After the project principle is determined, the owner selects a company to be responsible for the design and construction of the project.

  • EPC_恒明星

           The Engineering Generalization (Engineering Procurement Construction) model is also known as the design, procurement, and construction integration model. It refers to the general contracting of design-purchasing-construction by a company after the project decision-making stage, starting from the design and bidding.

  • BOD即设计-建造模式_恒明星

          The model of private participation in public infrastructure construction and public affairs management is collectively referred to as Public Private Partnership (PPP). Specifically, it refers to a franchise project financing model in which the government and private enterprises form a mutual cooperation relationship based on a certain project. The project company is responsible for fundraising, construction and operation.

  • EPC_恒明星

           BOT is the Build-Operate-Transfer mode. It is the initiator of the project, who obtains the construction concession of a project infrastructure from a country or government, and then independently organizes the project company with other parties to be responsible for the financing, design, construction and operation of the project. Throughout the concession period, the project company earns profits through the operation of the project and uses this profit to repay the debt. At the end of the concession, the entire project is handed over to the host country or government by the project company at a lower nominal price.

  • BOD即设计-建造模式_恒明星

          The F+EPC model is a new type of project management model that is derived from the needs of the owner and the market. F is a financing investment, F+EPC is a financing EPC, and it is necessary for the owner to solve part of the project financing. This model is extremely important for future project development. The direction.

  • EPC_恒明星

           The EPC+O&M general contracting mode is that the contractor is responsible for the design, procurement, and construction of the project, and will continue to be responsible for operation and maintenance after completion.